Ranks and Advancement
The name of the hyung (or "form" or "kata" or "pattern"), along with the number of movements and the diagram of each, symbolizes legendary figures, patriotic heroes or important events in the history of Korea.
CHON-JI - The literal meaning of Chon-Ji, the name of the first hyung of the Chang-Hon School is "Heaven and Earth", which in the Orient symbolizes the creation of the world and the beginning of human history. Containing 19 movements, it is indeed a fitting name for the first hyung a beginner learns.
TAN-GUN - The second hyung of the Chang-Hon School contains 21 movements. It is named after the Holy Tan-Gun, a legendary figure who founded Korea in the year 2334-2333 B.C.
TO-SAN - This hyung commemorates the pen-name of the great Korean patriot and educator, Anh Chang-Ho (1876 - 1938). This pattern contains 24 movements.
WON-HYO - Won-Hyo was a monk noted for introducing Buddhism to the Silla dynasty before his death in 686 A.D. This hyung has 28 movements.
YUL-KOK - Yul-Kok is the pen-name of the great philosopher and scholar, Yi L (1536 - 1584), who was known as "Confucius of Korea". The 38 movements of this hyung denotes the 38th degree latitude of his birthplace and the diagram means "scholar".
CHUNG-GUN - An Chung-Gun was a Korean patriot during Korea's struggle for independence, at the beginning of this century. The 32 movements represent the age at which An Chung-Gun was killed in prison, where he was being held for assassinating the first Japanese governor of Korea, Hiro Bumi Ito.
TOI-GYE - Toi-Gye is the pen-name of the noted scholar, Yi Hwang, an authority on Neo-Confucianism. The 37 movements refer to the latitude of his birthplace, and the diagram means "scholar".
HWA-RANG - The hyung is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group, composed of the sons and daughters of the royal class of the Silla Dynasty. The Hwa-Rang group was the actual driving force in the unification of the three separate kingdoms of Korea. This hyung contains 29 movements.
CHUNG-MU - Chung-Mu is the given name of the great admiral Yi Sun-Sin of the Yi dynasty. He was reputed to have invented, in 1592, the first armor-plated battleship, called the "Turtle Ship", which was the precursor to the modern day submarine. The left-hand technique that ends this hyung symbolizes Chung-Mu's death in battle before he could pledge his loyalty to the king.